Tourism Services Gilan, the origin of persian

History:
 
Until the 7th century AD, Gilan was in the sphere of influence of the consecutive Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanid empires ruling Iran.
It seems that the Gelae (Gilites) have entered the region in south of the Caspian coast and west of the Amardos River (later Safidrud) in the second or first century B.C.E. Pliny identifies them with the Cadusii which were living there previously. It is more likely that they were a separate people, and had come from the region of Dagestan, and taken the place of the Kadusii. The fact that the native inhabitants of Gilan have originating roots in the Caucasus is also supported by genetics and language, as Gilaks are genetically closer to ethnic peoples of the Caucasus (such as the Georgians) than they are towards other ethnic groups in Iran. Also their languages shares certain typologic features with Caucasian languages, of wich Tat is one of them.
Later, these newly arrived groups also crossed the Amardos river and, together with the Deylamites, superseded the Amardi. They are mentioned as mercenaries of the Sasanian kings like the Deylamites, but it does seem that they had come under their effective rule. It is said that Dabuyids had originated in Gīlān before moving to Tabaristan. In 553, Gilan and Amol are mentioned as the seat of a Nestorian bishop.
Two local dynasties ruled over Gilan in the late 15th-early 16th century. Shafiʿite Amīra Dobbāj of the Dobbāj/Esḥāqvand clan ruled over the Sunnite area of Bīa-pas (with Fuman, and, later, Rasht as its center). They traced their dynasty to the Sasanian kings and before them and the prophet Isaac (Eshaq) simultaneously. Shiite Amir Kia'i dynasty ruled over Bīa-pīš (with Lāhījān as its capital) which was mostly Shiite. They also traced their lineage to Sasanians.
In the early 18th century the Safavids began to decline and finally lost power in 1722, causing the country to become chaotic. Foreign powers became interested in occupying the country, particularly its northern parts. Russia dispatched armies to invade Gilan. Afshars, Zands and Afghans arose in this era. During this period Gilan was mostly ruled by local chieftains that governed independently or paid tribute to the above-mentioned powerful groups and their generals and maintained their relative independence in this way. The division of Gilan between Bīa-pas and Bīa-pīš continued in this time.
 
 
After World War I, Gilan came to be ruled independently of the central government of Tehran and concern arose that the province might permanently separate at some point. Prior to the war, Gilanis had played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran. Sepahdar-e Tonekaboni (Rashti) was a prominent figure in the early years of the revolution and was instrumental in defeating Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar.
In the late 1910s, many Gilakis gathered under the leadership of Mirza Kuchik Khan, who became the most prominent revolutionary leader in northern Iran in this period. Khan's movement, known as the Jangal movement of Gilan, had sent an armed brigade to Tehran which helped depose the Qajar ruler Mohammad Ali Shah. However, the revolution did not progress the way the constitutionalists had strived for, and Iran came to face much internal unrest and foreign intervention, particularly from the British and Russian Empires.
 
 
During and several years after the Bolshevik Revolution, the region saw another massive influx of Russian settlers (the so-called White émigrées). Many of the descendants of these refugees still linger forth in the region. During the same period, Anzali served as the main trading port between Iran and Europe.
The Jangalis are glorified in Iranian history and effectively secured Gilan and Mazandaran against foreign invasions. However, in 1920 British forces invaded Bandar-e Anzali, while being pursued by the Bolsheviks. In the midst of this conflict between Britain and Russia, the Jangalis entered into an alliance with the Bolsheviks against the British. This culminated in the establishment of the Persian Socialist Soviet Republic (commonly known as the Socialist Republic of Gilan), which lasted from June 1920 until September 1921.
In February 1921 the Soviets withdrew their support for the Jangali government of Gilan, and signed the Soviet-Iranian Friendship Treaty with the central government of Tehran. The Jangalis continued to struggle against the central government until their final defeat in September 1921 when control of Gilan returned to Tehran.
 
Handcrafts:
The most famous handicrafts of the province are: wooden articles, hand woven textiles, carpets, jajeems (or a type of loosely woven woolen material), Kilims (or a coarse type of carpet), silk weaves, earthenware and wooden vessels, statues, felt articles, wicker work, bamboo products, crochet articles, cotton fabrics and ........
  
Notable:
Abdul-Qadir Gilani
Ebrahim Poordavood
Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi Gilani, founder of Sharif University of Technology
Ardeshir Mohassess, cartoonist
Mirza Kuchek Khan, founder of Constitutionalist movement of Gilan
Arsen Minasian
Hazin Lahiji, poet
Mohammad Taghi Bahjat Foumani, Twelver Shi'a Marja
Al-Jilani
Mahmoud Behzad
Majid Samii, brain surgeon in Germany
Pejman Nouri, football player
Mohammad Moin, prominent Iranian scholar of Persian literature and Iranology
Sirous Ghayeghran, former Captain of Iranian national football team
Ghafour Jahani, footballer
Hushang Ebtehaj, contemporary poet
Mardavij, Former king of Iran
Fazlollah Reza, second Head of Sharif University of Technology
Khosrow Golsorkhi, journalist, poet, and communist activist
 
Cuisine:
Gilan has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran. Seafood is a particularly strong component of Gilani cuisine. Sturgeon, often smoked or served as kebab, and caviar are delicacies along the whole Caspian littoral. Other types of fish such as mahi sefid, kuli, kulmeh, Caspian salmon, mahi kapur and many others are consumed. Fish roe, or ashpal, is widely used in Gileki cuisine.
More specific to Gilan are a distinctive walnut-paste and pomegranate-juice sauce, used as a marinade for 'sour' kebab (Kabab Torsh) and as the basis of Fesenjān, a rich stew of duck, chicken or lamb. Mirza ghasemi is an aubergine and egg dish with a smoky taste that is often served as a side dish or appetizer. Other such dishes include pickled garlic, olives with walnut paste, and smoked fish. The caviar and smoked fish are also part of cuisine of Gilan.
 

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